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A Journal of the International Alliance for CARE and Threat Teams

Intersections is a peer-reviewed annual collection of original research articles published by InterACTT. We are dedicated to staying current with research related to targeted violence, mental health, BIT/CARE operations, threat assessment and management. Authors are encouraged to share case studies, original research, practical techniques and novel interventions in the assessment and management of risk and threat.

For those interested in submitting to the journal, the editorial board is committed to nurturing research, particularly student ideas and concepts. Submissions are paired with an editorial board member to guide you through the process of improving your submission.

Editorial Board

Amy Murphy
Amy Murphy, Ph.D.
Lisa Pescara-Kovach.jpeg
Lisa Kovach, Ph.D.
MJ Raleigh, Ph.D.

Welcome to Intersections! Our first article was published in December, 2022:

​​Beyond the Red Flags

Dr. Brian Van Brunt and Dr. Amy Murphy

Early identification of red flags and at-risk behavior is a research-based best practice in the prevention of targeted violence. This article expands on this foundational concept and describes how to fill gaps in targeted violence prevention by moving beyond red flags. The authors describe five critical concepts related to behavioral intervention and threat assessment work in schools, workplaces, and communities that are commonly missed or underutilized. Diverse, multidisciplinary, collaborative teams remain the central place for the identification of red flag behaviors. However, this article identifies missed opportunities in the utilization of these teams in current practice as well as the singular focus on target hardening of facilities instead of collaborative violence risk and threat assessment. The authors also discuss the common labeling of attackers after incidents of violence and how this can contribute to future inaction in terms of seeking help, reporting concerns, and intervening when someone is evolving toward violence. The article further explores the problematic practice of focusing generally and broadly on mental health as a risk factor for violence and how this can result in missing other red flags, stigmatizing seeking help for mental health, and over-reliance on mental health assessments instead of a more comprehensive violence risk or threat assessment. Last, behavioral intervention and threat assessment team processes can be improved by incorporating red teaming techniques, dynamic risk assessment, and on-going connections to individuals of concern.

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